Tuesday, January 02, 2018

Establishing order in society

These are the 5 cardinal relationships that will establish order in society. 

I will eventually type them here but for now here is the pdf I got it from.

The Five Great Relationships of Confucianism

According to Confucius, the smooth functioning of government and society rested on five key relationships:

1. Between ruler and subject;
2. Between father and son;
3. Between husband and wife;
4. Between older borther and younger brother;
5. Between friend and friend.

These five relationships were considered the building blocks of the socieal order.

To ensure harmony in society, Confucius prescribed certain "proper attitudes," or Yi, that the Chinese people were expected to adopt in these relationships. The ruler, for example, was expected to be kind and generous to his subjects, while his subjects, in return, were expected to to be loyal to the ruler. Likewise, fathers were taught to be kind to their sons, while sons were taught to be obedient and dutiful to their fathers. In marriage, a husband was expected to be good to his wife, while a wife was supposed to be obedient to her husband. Elders, whether brothers or friends, were expected to be considerate toward their juniors, who in turn were expected to be respectful of their elders.

The most important of these relationships, and the one on which all others depended, was the bond between parents and children. For Confucius, a smoothly funcitoning family--one in which children show proper respect for their parents, relatives, and ancestors--was a model for Chinese society as a while. In effect, the nation was like a gigantic family. Just as a son was expected to be loyal to his father, so a citizen was expected to be loyal to the emperor. If families were in harmony, society and government would also function poroperly. As an ancient Chinese poem, quoted in the Confucian book the Doctrine of the Mean, put it:

When wives and children and their sires [fathers] are one,
'tis like the harp and lute in unison.
When brothers live in concord and at peace
The strain [sound] of harmony shall never cease.
The lamp of happy union lights the home,
And bright days follow when the children come. 

Reverence for one's ancestors was an important part of Confucianism since the dead were considered just as much a part of the family as the living. The Chinese were expected to honor their ancestors by worshipping them at home altars and by remembering them on special family occasions. The Chinese believed that paying this kind of respect to ancestors would allow them to rest peacefully in the afterworld and to become kindly spirits. Failing to do so might make them demons instead. As Confucius to his followers: "To serve those now dead as if they were living is the highest achievement of true filial piety [family devotion]."

Wednesday, December 13, 2017

Tanya Berry's wisdom

Home: “It’s a safe place where people are good to one another.”

Getting along:
For Tanya, getting along with others is the key. “You have to quit being so picky, and so fault-finding, and so snotty about it. You take people and their gifts, and you enjoy them and honor them.” Sunday services help develop those skills. “How else are you going to learn to get along with people if you’re not doing it week after week after week after week?”

The Woman Beside Wendell Berry: 
The Most Important Fiction Editor 
Almost No One Has Heard Of
Tanya Berry challenges our assumptions about women’s work and small-town living.

Tuesday, November 21, 2017

The old days

I liked it once upon a time when an organization would make all the arrangements for its members for a convention. The members paid one price for travel and hotel and the local members would travel as a group. We even had clothes that identified who we were so you could tell there were a lot of us, kinda like wearing Kimberly shirts. Man, those were the days. There is nothing like that kind of collectivism to boost morale and forge strong bonds of fellowship. Kinda like the Boy Scout Jamboree, except this was Japanese Buddhism.

Thursday, November 09, 2017

Fixing a broken life

Is it possible to fix a broken life?
I asked that in 1992.
I finally understand the answer.
It is not the life that is broken, but its connections to other life:
family, friends, community.
To be alone and isolated without regular contact with others can bring a terrible loneliness.
Solitary confinement is cruel and inhumane.
One does not need to be in prison to experience this.
Many people experience this in our society all the time, especially the elderly.
The only remedy is to rebuild community by reclaiming and restoring the commons.
To break down the enclosures of privatization and bring down the walls of privacy to find and share our common humanity is the way to fix a broken a life.

Monday, October 30, 2017

Encountering Another Being

Very nice video about Encountering Another Being

Sunday, October 29, 2017

East and West: Two Attitudes Toward Nature

Two Attitudes Toward Nature

"Our consciousness is nothing but an insignificant floating piece of island in the Oceanus encircling the earth. But it is through this little fragment of land that we can look out to the immense expanse of the unconscious itself; the feeling of it is all that we can have, but this feeling is not a small thing, because it is by means of this feeling that we can realize that our fragmentary existence gains its full significance, and thus that we can rest assured that we are not living in vain."

 -- Erich Fromm, D.T. Suzuki, Richard Martino, Zen Buddhism And Psychoanalysis

Consider the manner in which two exceptional poets describe an ordinary flower. Here's the haiku of Basho, a Japanese scribe of the 17th century:

When I look carefully
I see the nazuna blooming
By the hedge!

Here are the words of Alfred, Lord Tennyson:

Flower in the crannied wall,
I pluck you out of the crannies; --
Hold you here, root and all, in my hand,
Little flower -- but if I could understand
What you are, root and all, and all in all,
I should know what God and man is.

Daisetz Suzuki, the venerated Zen sage and scholar, sees every difference in the world between the two experiences. "Basho does not pluck the flower," he writes in Zen Buddhism and Psychoanalysis. "He just looks at it. He is absorbed in thought. He feels something in his mind, but he does not express it. He lets an exclamation mark say everything he wishes to say." Tennyson, by contrast, "is active and analytical. He first plucks the flower from the place where it grows. He separates it from the ground where it belongs. Quite differently from the Oriental poet, he does not leave the flower alone. He must tear it away from the crannied wall, 'root and all,' which means the plant must die. He does not, apparently, care for its destiny; his curiosity must be satisifed."

Note that Basho, content merely to "look," reacts as though he has just learned the deep mystery of the flower, while Tennyson, grabbing, dissecting and scrutinizing it, is frustrated in his effort to understand -- frustrated all the more so, because he suspects the riddle of the universe might be disclosed to him at once if he could just make sense of the flower.

For Dr. Suzuki, the contrast in poetic feeling clearly points to irreconcilable mentalities: the western mind, he says, is "analytical, discriminative, differential, inductive, individualistic, intellectual, objective, scientific, generalizing, conceptual, schematic, impersonal, legalistic, organizing, power-wielding, self-assertive, disposed to impose its will upon others." He characterizes the eastern mindset as "synthetic, totalizing, integrative, nondiscriminative, deductive, nonsystematic, dogmatic, intuitive (rather, affective), nondiscursive, subjective, spiritually individualistic and socially group-minded."

This judgment might seem unduly pointed and preferential for a disinterested sage, but Suzuki is concerned chiefly to show that the heart of cosmic understanding can't be reached through the vein of conceptual analysis. "The Zen way preserves life as life," he says; "no surgical knife touches it. The Zen poet sings:

All is left to her natural beauty,
Her skin is intact,
Her bones are as they are:
There is no need for the paints, powders of any tint.
She is as she is, no more, no less.
How marvelous!"

I wonder if we haven't much to derive from the insight above -- "we" meaning "we who belong to the most scientifically and technologically advanced civilization in history," "we who can boast the loudest of having understood and mastered nature." A few comments, a few questions:

(i) Has western analytical intelligence evolved to the point where Tennyson's sentimentality might be said to be closer to Basho's than to our own? Tennyson at least gazed upon the flower with awe, and he was humble enough to admit that the little flower was an enigma to him. Today, with near certainty and considerably less humility, we can proclaim that we "know" what all organic life is: we know that its irreducible constituents are atoms; we know that it unfolds according to the self-transcribing ethos of the DNA molecule; we know we can manipulate any life form endlessly, whether in the manner of genetically modified organisms, fertility pharmaceuticals, cloning procedures, genomic sequencing, or other excogitations of biochemistry. Does such sophistication carry any sacrifices? What is lost in the way of naive wonderment at nature? What mystical insight is missed by the spirit which doesn't see anything fascinating or miraculous in mountain ranges, blue skies, old redwoods, fresh verdure?

(ii) If the consummation of discriminative intelligence leads to an indifference and an aloofness to nature, where does humanity go to sate its aesthetic and spiritual appetite? What happens to the appeal of myths, of allegories, of fables -- in other words, to all those sources of edification which lie outside the circumscribed boundaries of positivist science, technocentric industry?

(iii) To what extent might it be said that a naif like Basho is considerably happier than his mentally rugged counterpart -- that a Zen Buddhist like Suzuki, having remained leery of abstract, logocentric, conceptual thought, finds more joy in daily life than all the omniscient geniuses of the west put together? (Or is this question of the facile either-or variety?) Is it a coincidence or an irrelevant detail that the nation with the greatest R&D science budget, strongest military, most successful pharmaceutical companies, most developed media infrastructure also is the world's leading consumer of illicit drugs, the world's leading consumer of pornography, the world's leading gambler?

(iv) Doesn't the deepest intimation of the "why and wherefore" of life come from mystical experience, impassioned contemplation, reverent receptivity to nature, rather than from the stammerings of the workaday intellect?

(© Tim Ruggiero, May 2, 2002)

Sunday, October 15, 2017

The seed beneath the snow

The seed beneath the snow is a wonder exploration of spirituality with the natural world and with the human world as well.

Thursday, October 12, 2017

The importance of 安. calm; peaceful; tranquil; quiet · comfortable; at ease · safe; secure;

安. calm; peaceful; tranquil; quiet · comfortable; at ease · safe; secure; to calm; to pacify; to feel satisfied with; to find a place for; to plant; to fit; to install; to cherish; ... 

In a blog post titled "The end of the line?" about the derailment of a little used but cherished rail line in Japan, the author describes a very important aspect of East Asian culture:
You could do worse, in attempting to explain much of what happens in modern Japan—and nearly everything that doesn’t—and by extension Korea and China, than by holding the event up to the light shone by five interlocking words, all of which share a common character: anzen(sei), (安全[性], safety), anshin (安心, peace of mind), antei (安定, stability), fuantei (不安定, instability), and fuan (不安, unease). Safety is an integral component of stability, which leads to peace of mind. Its absence leads to instability and hence to unease. These words exist like the parallel strings of a guitar: a single string can be plucked or several can be strummed at once. The Iwaizumi derailment was a clear violation of the prescription of anzensei, safety, and an infringement of anshin, peace of mind, not only of the injured but of the townsfolk of Iwaizumi, engendering in them fuan, unease, that the derailment would be consequential enough to knock the line out of commission, with the antei, stability, of the “natural” order of things, replaced by the fuantei, instability, of change–even though a replacement bus service running the length of the line was inaugurated just two days after the derailment.
The interesting thing about this character 安 is that it shows a woman in a house or dwelling. I do not know what the West has ever determined to be the essential feature or characteristic of safety, security, stability, peace, calm, etc., but I cannot think of a better encapsulation of it than a woman in her own home, especially in regards to children and family. This is the true base unit of society for it is the smallest social unit in society and it is in the participation with local traditions that culture is passed on to the next generation. An individual alone is not a social unit and no culture can develop with individuals living in isolation from others.

More about Yubari Japan is in the linked article below.
Deserted Yubari tries creating new population nucleus in test case for Japan

Friday, January 13, 2017

Of, By, and For the People

The people must come first in every decision and policy. This is what it means in the Declaration of Independence when Jefferson wrote: 

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men [people] are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men [people], deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. 

It is with these principles that the Preamble of the Constitution begins with "We the People..." and then spells out the duties that the government "of the people, by the people, for the people" are to be carried out. The legitimacy of that government is determined by how well it exercises "just powers" "to secure these rights" and achieves "a decent respect to the opinions of [hu]mankind."  

Jefferson tells us, knowing that some people lust after power out of greed, selfishness, self-aggrandizement, or sheer insanity: 
That whenever any form of government becomes destructive to these ends [life, liberty, and happiness], it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their safety and happiness.
But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.

It is with these words that Jefferson gave humankind not just the right but the duty "to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security." This is the great light of hope and the beacon of democracy shines forth people everywhere on the planet.

But like any lighthouse, it is darkest at its base. America is in crisis. It is a constitutional crisis. It is also an identity crisis about who we are and what we stand for. Which way this country goes depends on the candidates and the political parties understanding this crisis and speaking out for We the People who suffer at the hands of an illegimate and criminal government. They must show themselves to be "new guards for our future security," safety, and happiness. They can only do this by returning to the People First principle. 

Every issue (the war in Iraq, medical care and costs, jobs, children, poverty, pollution, etc.) is derived from and is secondary to this principle. It cannot be, when the root is neglected, that what should spring from it will be well ordered.* In other words, we would not have these issues if those elected to public office actually put the People First.  

Sunday, June 26, 2016

Archived - Notes for an address by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien on the occasion of a Tribute to the Prime Minister - Canada News Centre

Archived - Notes for an address by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien on the occasion of a Tribute to the Prime Minister - Canada News Centre

Archived - Notes for an address by Prime Minister Jean Chrétien on the occasion of a Tribute to the Prime Minister

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November 13, 2003 Toronto, Ontario
My friends, That video brought me back a long way. A very long way. So many memories. So many bonds and so many friendships. So much road travelled. For a young man born in a large working class family in Shawinigan. And I am very proud to say it is a road we have travelled together. Because if - as I have always said - Canada is my life, it is the Liberal Party that has been like family to me. It is the Liberal Party that gave me the chance to grow. To meet people in every part of Canada. To learn the true meaning of democracy and public service. That opened my horizons and my world. I began as president of the Young Liberals Association at Laval University. But it is in April 1963 that I proudly entered Parliament as MP for St. Maurice-Laflèche under the exceptional leadership of Lester B. Pearson.He did so many things of lasting benefit for Canadians. He showed me so much kindness and confidence especially when he sent me to Mitchell Sharp to be trained to be the first francophone Minister of Finance. Mitchell, still young at 92 years old, is here tonight. He proved to me, at an early age, that Liberalism is about heart and passion, yes, but it is also about responsibility, and balance, and creating growth and opportunity. And Pierre Trudeau. Larger than life. And a presence so powerful that he forever changed the way we see ourselves as Canadians. 

I was very proud to be part of Mr. Trudeau's team and of the confidence he had in me to do the challenging jobs that needed to be done, from transforming aboriginal policy, creating national parks, to the Quebec referendum in 1980, to bringing home the constitution and negotiating the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. That is Liberalism in action, my friends. The spirit and vision of governments like those of Lester Pearson and Pierre Trudeau. That built the modern Canada we love so deeply.That built the social programs that Canadians cherish. That gave our country its own flag. That gave birth to national Medicare. To the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. To the Canada Pension Plan. To a truly bilingual Canada that has become home to people from every corner of the world - and a shining model of how the human race can live together in peace, progress and prosperity.

It was these governments - under these two great Canadians - that cemented Canada as the champion of a multilateral approach on the international scene. Also as a trusted peacekeeper. As an honest voice in the world. A force for peace and stability. My friends, that is what we are celebrating at this convention: the vision, the passion, and the spirit of Liberalism. In June 1990, in Calgary, you gave me the great honour and responsibility of carrying the Liberal torch. Of succeeding a great Liberal, John Turner. Of upholding our timeless principles and traditions. And adapting them to new times and new challenges as every leader must do. And that is what I have tried to do. Because, my friends, when this country is in a time of need, in crisis, when things need to be righted, Canadians have always turned to Liberal governments. And that is the way it was in Canada ten years ago. We remember the state of the nation ten years ago. Canadians remember it. I know I will never forget it.

We were in a crisis, all right. The worst crisis Canada had seen in more than half a century. An economic crisis. A fiscal crisis. A national unity crisis. And even more troubling, a crisis of confidence. Canadians had given up believing Canada could ever work again. We were virtually broke. Almost bankrupt. Against the wall. The annual deficit was $42 billion, by far the largest in our entire history. Thirty-seven cents of every tax dollar went to servicing the national debt. Unemployment and interest rates were far too high, both above 11 percent.The International Monetary Fund was knocking at the door. The Wall Street Journal was saying we were a candidate to become a Third World economy.And that malaise went much, much deeper than the economy. The dice had been rolled on our national unity. And Canada was on the brink of disaster. Of falling apart.

In Quebec, support for separatism was at its highest in history. Western Canadians were turning their backs on national parties for a narrow regional party. It is hard to believe now, but people were giving up - actually giving up - on the very idea of Canada. Canadians gave us a job to do. They gave us a mission. A solemn responsibility. They wanted their country back. They wanted it turned around. They wanted to be proud again. And my friends, that is what we set out to do. Together, with our team. Members of Parliament. Ministers. A professional public service. A skilled, committed team of men and women. Who cared deeply about their country and were eager to work hard, very hard.I want to thank them - all of them - personally tonight for their contribution and their dedication. Think of what we have accomplished with Canadians in ten years.

Well, everyone knows - the whole world knows - how we turned the finances of this country around. It was hard. It hurt. Canadians made sacrifices. But we took that $42 billion deficit and turned it into six consecutive balanced budgets. Today we are the only G-7 country with a balanced budget. Today we lead the industrial world in fiscal responsibility. We in Canada are entering our seventh year in balance. And not only that, we have also paid down more than ten percent of the national debt. In ten years, our economy has created three million new jobs. Interest rates are at their lowest levels in decades. Young families can afford to finance their homes. We have been able to pass on to the Canadian people the biggest tax cut in the history of Canada. We have been able to invest large sums of money in health care. And we have created the National Child Benefit which is the most important new social programme since Medicare.

My friends, we understood that our young people need to be liberated to make their dreams come true, to make their contribution to our country and to our future. As soon as we eliminated the deficit, our first priority was to make massive investments in education, in our young people, in their brains and in their capacity. From the Millennium Scholarships, to the Canada Research Chairs, from graduate scholarships, to the Canada Foundation for Innovation, to the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and so much more, we are making Canada the place to be for young people in the 21st century. We have restored an activist, progressive national government. That speaks and acts for the whole country. As only the national government can do. And we have done so in accordance with timeless Liberal principles and traditions. Just as it took time to restore our fiscal health, it took several years to rebuild the unity of this country. But slowly, carefully, deliberately, we took the steps to strengthen the bonds that tie our country together. It was not easy to fight years of myths that had been created by those who wanted to break up Canada. But it was worth the fight. Yes, my friends, it was worth the fight. We vowed that we would never again run the risk of losing Canada through ambiguity and misunderstanding and lack of presence.

Ladies and gentlemen, make no mistake about it, the Clarity Act has secured the future of Canada.Again, it wasn't easy. All the pundits, the elites, thought we were crazy to take such a risk. But the people of Canada - and the people of the province of Quebec in particular - knew better. We did it by telling the truth to Quebeckers. We did not make unrealistic, empty promises. We refused to pander. We were frank and direct. And we governed well. Today we as Liberals can hold our heads up high in Quebec. Let me tell you, it was tough, my friends. It was tough for all of us who stood for Canada. It was very tough for me personally. It hurt me deeply. It hurt my family. To be vilified in my home province - the province I love - just for standing up for Canada. Because I believed so profoundly, as I still believe today, that being part of Canada is best for Quebec. But no matter how lonely it was - we never gave up.

And, tonight, I can tell you, my friends, that nothing gives me greater satisfaction than the knowledge that we have prevailed in Quebec. That we have earned the respect of the people of Quebec. That we have turned the page and are working on real solutions to real problems. From the bottom of my heart, I thank my fellow citizens of Quebec. And let me tell you that we would not have succeeded without the patience and understanding and commitment of Canadians across the land during a very difficult period. It made me so proud to be a Canadian. Restoring the pride, restoring the faith of Canadians has been a big job, my friends. And it has not stopped with the economy or with national unity. We have worked hard to ensure that our values - Canadian values - are what have guided our government and its policies. That is why we have one of the toughest gun control laws in the world. As a Canadian, that makes me very, very proud.

And we have restored the pride in who we are. Look at the cultural vitality of Canada today. We saw the wonderful artists here tonight. The magic of Le Cirque du Soleil is seducing audiences around the world, and transforming entertainment in the 21st Century. Taking their cue from two great friends of mine, Paul Anka and Oscar Peterson, who led the way many years ago, today Canadian women are the biggest phenomenon in the history of the recording industry. From Céline Dion to Shania Twain to Diana Krall to Alanis Morrissette to Avril Lavigne, they are taking over the world, and doing it in a very Canadian way.

Our authors are winning prestigious awards around the globe. It is nothing short of a renaissance of Canadian literature.My friends, in every field, the Canadian arts are the most vibrant and celebrated they've ever been. And of course, Canadians have been proud to once again reassert our independence on the world stage. We have a wonderful story to tell the world. About how to live together in peace and diversity. About how to resolve differences with civility. About mutual respect. About building bridges. You might say the world could use a little more Canada. And we've been delivering. The Land Mines Treaty. The International Criminal Court. New hope for Africa, NEPAD. The effort to narrow the gap between the richest and poorest nations has been important to Canadians. We have worked hard at it. Because we Canadians know how these disparities fuel hatreds and violence in the most troubled corners of our world. We have not been afraid to confront those hatreds. That is why our brave Canadian troops went to Bosnia and Kosovo with NATO. That is why they are in Afghanistan today. And that is why we stood shoulder to shoulder with our closest friend and ally, the United States when they were targeted on that terrible September day. We are with them and all civilized nations in the fight against terrorism. Canadians are making a vital contribution in that struggle - and we are very proud of it.

But we also have known when we must go our own way internationally. In a manner that is consistent with our values. Doing the right thing, no matter how difficult. And it was because of our deep belief as Canadians in the values of multilateralism and the United Nations that we did not go to war in Iraq. It was the same with the Kyoto Protocol. When it comes to a decision as important as the very preservation of our planet, you don't look over your shoulder to see what your neighbour is doing. You don't wait for others to decide first. You don't duck your head. You do the right thing. For today, and above all the right thing for the future. For our kids. For their kids. For this planet.

It was the same when we confronted the Europeans in the Turbot war in 1995.That is what Canadians want. And that is what we as Liberals have provided. That is not all that we did. We took historic action to limit the influence in elections of big business and big unions. Because that's what Liberalism is about. Giving power to the people, not to special interests. About opening up democracy. About ensuring that all Canadians are free to exercise their human rights. And you know, when we speak of human rights, we are admired around the world for our social liberalism. We have taken those classic Liberal values I spoke about earlier, and adapted them for a new era. The world has changed in the past 40 years, and it continues to change. And we have to keep up with it.

We recognize that issues respecting same sex must be dealt with, because the Charter of Rights is a precious heritage for Liberals. Any time we are asked to choose between fewer rights and more rights, we Liberals, and we Canadians will always choose more rights, and especially for minorities.

My friends, all this is some of what we have accomplished. Together as Liberals. Together with Canadians. Ten years ... Ten years. From the Wall Street Journal calling us a candidate for the Third World to The Economist, a few weeks ago, telling the world that Canada is cool!! We are proud of what we have accomplished.

But tonight I want to let you in on a secret. I want to tell you what makes me happiest by far. It's not simply what we have done in government. It's not just our economy. It's not just the problems we solved. It is the new spirit in the land. You can see it. You can feel it. The new pride of Canadians. Our sense of confidence. Our can-do spirit. We have never been more confident. We have never been more proud. We have never been more united. We have never been more sure of who we are. We have never been more eager, more prepared to take on the world. My friends, that is the Canada of 2003. That is how far we have travelled in ten years. And I am honoured to have had the opportunity to play a part in it.

When the question is asked, are Canadians better off today than we were ten years ago? The answer is clear and unmistakable. Yes. Yes. Yes. It has been a good time to be a Liberal. It is a good time to be a Liberal. And it is a great time to be a Canadian. And as I leave as leader of our Party, I can say with pride, that with our record, we are in a very, very good position to win a fourth consecutive Liberal majority government.

Yes, we must celebrate our accomplishments. But we must not be satisfied with them. We must remember, my friends, we do not govern by divine right. We do not have a permanent lease on office. It is not something that is owed to us. We govern with the power and trust invested in us by the Canadian people. We must never, never forget that. We must never take them, or their support, for granted. We must earn it every day. Being a Liberal means always, always thinking about the future. So tonight I would like to challenge us as a party, as I pass on the torch.

Tonight I want to ask you, my Liberal family, what can we do to ensure that our country is even better off ten years from now than it is today? To govern is to lead. We define ourselves by the hard choices we make. By the decisions we make. We saw that with the deficit. We saw it with the Clarity Act. We saw it with Iraq. We saw it every time we stood tall for Canada. Not just for the headlines of today, but for the world of tomorrow. There is no substitute for doing the right thing at home or abroad. The rest of the world looks to us as a model, as a beacon.

Look at the people in this great hall. You see in this one location all the faces, all the races, and the colours, and religions that make up this planet. This is the Canada of today. And this is our mission to the world. To show how it is possible to live together in diversity and in harmony. But to fulfill this mission, we have a solemn responsibility to speak to the world in our own voice - an independent voice. It is not something to barter or give away, not for economic gain, commercial advantage or anything else.

My friends, we cannot be complacent, at a time when the opposition is getting together. When in a country of the centre, the opposition is moving to the right. Canadians should beware of those on the right who put the interests of Bay Street over the interests of Main Street.Canadians should beware of those on the right who put profit ahead of community ... beware of those on the right who put the narrow bottom line ahead of everything else. Canadians should beware of those on the right who would reduce taxes at the expense of necessary public services ... beware of those on the right who do not care about reducing social and environmental deficits.

Canadians should beware of those on the right who would weaken the national government because they do not believe in the role of government.

My friends, my fellow Canadians, my fellow Liberals, if you remember only one thing that I say tonight, remember this ... we must never ever lose our social conscience.

My final message for you is simple. Trust Canadians. They are wise. They are generous. They care. And above all, trust the young generation of Canadians that is coming up. I have a lot of faith in young Canadians today. There has never been a generation in history more sure of itself and its Canadian identity, and yet more in touch and involved in every corner of the world. They care. And they understand.

My friends, I am passing on the leadership of our Party to a new leader. A new prime minister. A great Liberal. Who has been a big part of our record. Of the Liberal record. Of the record we are so proud of. Although we have accomplished so much, there is still so much more to do. Paul Martin will need all our support, the support of all of us. And I can assure Paul that he has my support. And when he has some lonely moments, as I know he will, he should remember, as I have, how each successive leader has been strengthened by our Liberal values. He should remember Laurier, remember King, remember St-Laurent, remember Pearson, remember Trudeau, remember Turner.

There is no greater privilege than to be able to serve your country. To be Prime Minister of the most wonderful country in the world. I have always felt a special love of this country. With all my fellow citizens. Regardless of their political views. So from the bottom of my heart, I want to thank the people of Canada for the confidence they have shown in me over so many years. I will be forever grateful. I want to thank the Liberal Party for the great confidence you have shown in me since you chose me as your leader 13 years ago. And for the privilege I have had in leading the greatest political party in the world. When I first announced my candidacy for the leadership of the Liberal Party back in 1984, I said: "Fasten your seat belts - it's going to be a helluva ride". Well my friends, it has been a hell of a ride.

Now I finish my career as I began, as an ordinary Liberal. I will be there to support our new team. I will be there to encourage young Canadians to continue to be engaged. And I will be there to support our new leader. I want to thank tonight, the people of St. Maurice who have shown their confidence in me for the last 40 years, as well as the people of Beauséjour for three years. Without them, I would not be here tonight. And, my friends, I will be there side-by-side with Aline, my rock of Gibraltar for almost the last 50 years¿Vive le Canada!-30-